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Turkish Flag

The fundamentals of the Turkish Flag were laid down by Turkish Flag Law No. 2994 of May 29, 1936. Turkish Flag Regulation No. 2/7175 dated July 28, 1937, and Supplementary Regulation No. 11604/2 dated July 29, 1939, were enacted to describe how the flag law would be implemented. The Turkish Flag Law No. 2893 dated September 22, 1983, and Published in the Official Gazette on September 24, 1983, was promulgated six months after its publication. According to Article 9 of Law No. 2893, a statute including the fundamentals of the implementation was also published.


The measurements of the Turkish Flag are given below:
G = Width
A = Distance between the centre of the outer crescent and the seam of the white band 1/2 G
B = Diameter of the outer circle of the crescent 1/2 G
C = Distance between the centres of the inner and outer circles of the crescent 0.0625 G
D = Diameter of the inner circle of the crescent 0.4 G
E = Distance between the inner circle of the crescent and the circle around the star 1/3 G
F = Diameter of the circle around the star 1/4 G
L = Length 1 ½ G
M = Width of the seam band 1/30 G

National Anthem

Lyrics by : M.Akif Ersoy
Music composed by : Zeki Üngör

The “İstiklal Marşı” (The Independence March) was officially adopted as Turkey’s National Anthem on March 12, 1921. 724 poems were submitted to a competition organized to find and select the most suitable original composition for this March, and a poem written by the poet Mehmet Akif Ersoy was adopted unanimously by the Turkish Grand National Assembly. Twenty-four composers participated in another competition arranged for the selection of a musical composition for the National Anthem. The Council, which was only able to convene in 1924, due to the War of Independence adopted the music composed by Ali Rifat Çağatay. The words of the National Anthem were sung to this music for eight years. Thereafter, the nusic of the National Anthem was changed to an arrangement written by Zeki Üngör, conductor of the Presidental Symphonic Orchestra, and the words of the National Anthem have been sung to this musical accompainment ever since.

Listen to the Turkish National Anthem